Useful ideas

10 principles of kitchen planning and 6 types of layouts


Kitchen planning is more than just a layout of furniture and equipment.

This is a project of a significant part of the life of the household, therefore it is necessary to approach its development with full responsibility.

Our planning guide, as well as a selection of 80 illustrative photo examples, will help you make the right decisions and plan your kitchen plan as efficiently as possible.

10 rules for kitchen planning

Before you start creating a future kitchen plan, you should be familiar with the basic rules of ergonomics and safety, furniture size standards and proven design techniques.

  • The main rule on which to rely when planning a kitchen is the rule of the so-called work triangle. According to him, the sink, stove and refrigerator should be arranged not linearly, but in a triangular pattern. It is important that the work points are next to each other - at a distance of no more than 180 cm. So the kitchen scenario will turn out to be the most harmonious: first you take the products out of the refrigerator, then carry them to the sink to wash, then the ingredients are cut / mixed and, finally, sent to the stove.

Unnecessary rushes, time and effort expenditures, while observing the rule of the working triangle, are minimized.

  • Kitchen planning begins with determining the location of the sink - it should be located within 2.5 m from the riser. Of course, the sink can be rearranged further 2.5 m, for example, to the window, but in a city apartment this will require at least the slope of the water supply pipe, and at the maximum - the installation of a pump. If you are planning a kitchen in a private house, then it is best to place the sink by the window - and the cook is more pleasant, and good for saving electricity. Next to the sink, put a dishwasher and / or a washing machine. As a rule, PMM is placed to the left of the car wash, if its user is right handed, and to the right of the car wash - if left handed.
  • The next point on the plan is a plate. It should be located at a distance of 40-180 cm from the sink and, of course, closer to the air vent and gas pipeline, if there is one. In the gap between the sink and stove, you can enter the main work surface, where you will cut and mix products. Well, if its length is 90 cm - this is not small, and not too much. On the other side of the slab, there should also be a free gap not less than 40 cm wide - this is necessary according to safety measures.

Important! Placing a slab by the window at a distance of less than 40 cm is not safe and simply not practical.

  • The minimum width of the aisles in the kitchen should be about 120 cm. In such a “pedestrian zone”, households can move without interrupting the cook to cook, get food from the cabinets and refrigerator, load the dishwasher. If the kitchen is a checkpoint, as is often the case in private houses, the passage should be increased to 130-150 cm. In very small and impassable kitchens, 1-meter walkways are permissible.

Layout of the entrance to the kitchen in a private house

  • It is more convenient to place the refrigerator closer to the sink than to the stove. It can also be built into the unit next to the oven and microwave. If there is an acute shortage of space, the refrigerator can simply be taken out of the kitchen, for example, into the living room or corridor.

Planning a small kitchen without a refrigerator

  • When planning the kitchen, remember that the ledges are almost always possible to “bypass” shallow cabinets, and adjust niches for storing things.

If necessary, you can move the doorways, slightly move them or expand / narrow them. By the way, the doors can be removed, rearranged or replaced with a folding / sliding design.

In the gasified kitchen it is impossible to remove the door, but it can be replaced with a folding / sliding door. You can do it easier - just rearrange the hinges to open the door

  • The most convenient way to draw headset layouts in special programs. For example, simple and free planners like Planner5D, SketchUP Pro or online IKEA designer will do.
  • In order to more clearly imagine whether the layout you have developed is suitable for your kitchen, chalk out the full-size furniture and appliances on the floor and walls. So you can see errors in the plan, resolve doubts or come up with new ideas.
  • Keep in mind that winning additional space when planning a small kitchen is possible due to reduced equipment: a 55 cm wide refrigerator, a 45 cm wide dishwasher, and a 35 cm reduced washing machine.

  • The layout of the kitchen should take into account the size of the dining area, more precisely the rules of ergonomics:

The width of the seat should be at least 60 cm, and the depth - at least 40 cm;

From the edge of the table to the wall / furniture there should be free space for a chair 80 cm long;

Standard chair has a width of 50 cm and a depth of 40-43 cm, a chair with armrests has a large width - about 70 cm.

Types of layouts

There are 6 types of kitchen layouts:

  • Linear (single row);
  • L-shaped (corner);
  • U-shaped;
  • Double row (parallel);
  • Island;
  • Peninsular.

Let's look at each of the types in more detail.

Linear circuit

Pros: The linear layout of the headset is the most compact, versatile and, moreover, simple in design, at least due to the lack of corners - and therefore the direct kitchen is a bit cheaper.

Cons: This layout is the most inconvenient because it violates the “working triangle” rule.

Ideal for: very small and narrow kitchens (up to 2 m wide), walk-through kitchens, studio kitchens and hallway kitchens. Also, linear layout is suitable for those who rarely and cooks a little.

Linear kitchen in redesigned Khrushchev

Very small kitchen layout

Planning Tips:

To reduce the inconvenience of direct kitchen, you need to try to plan it so that the sink is in the center between the stove and the refrigerator.

To increase the number of storage places, it is worth stretching the linear headset to the ceiling.

Often, a direct kitchen can be turned into a corner kitchen, if you combine a set with a windowsill and arrange a sink or work surface in it, as shown in the following photo examples.

L-shaped scheme

Pros: This layout option is all good - it is comfortable, versatile, compact and, at the same time, roomy due to the angle involved. The corner kitchen allows you to put a dining table in the center of the room.

Minuses: The L-shaped set is somewhat more complicated and more expensive to design, because the corner module requires additional fittings such as a carousel, a pull-out basket or a bookcase. If you leave the corner without additional equipment, it will be inconvenient to use.

Ideal for: Rectangular kitchens, small and medium rooms.

Planning Tips:

  • It is convenient to embed a sink or stove into a corner, especially if you make the corner not straight, but beveled.
  • You can make one of the sides of the headset (see photo). For example, the one that is located at the entrance - so it will become more comfortable to enter the kitchen.

Here are some more photos of small kitchens with an angular layout.

Two-row scheme

Pros: A set in two lines allows you to create a convenient "work triangle" and effectively use two walls of a narrow / elongated room.

Minuses: This layout option is convenient only if it is not too wide and not too narrow aisle - 120-150 cm wide. The second drawback is less security compared to other types of layouts, especially if the kitchen is passable. In addition, a two-row headset can create a feeling of tightness.

Ideal for: Elongated and narrow kitchens (2.2 m wide), walk-through rooms and utilitarian kitchens that do not have a dining area.

Planning Tips:

  • It is more convenient, and most importantly safer, to plan the kitchen so that the sink and stove are in the same row, and the refrigerator in the other.

  • It is better to make one of the rows shorter than the other, then it will be possible to carve out a place for a dinner table.
  • In a square kitchen, a two-row layout is also possible, in which case the dining table is placed in the center, for example, as shown in the following photo.

Below are other photos of interiors of kitchens with a parallel layout.

U-shaped scheme

Pros: This is the most convenient option for planning, when everything you need is literally at your fingertips. By utilizing the three walls and corners, the U-shaped kitchen is very roomy.

Cons: U-shaped headset is the most cumbersome and most often requires a large area.

Ideal for: Especially suitable for square rooms (2.2 m wide), and kitchens for purely utilitarian purposes, as well as for kitchens in which they often cook a lot.

Planning Tips:

  • U-shaped layout is possible even in a small kitchen in Khrushchev, you just need to use the window sill.

U-shaped layout of a small kitchen

  • When planning a U-shaped headset, keep in mind that a passage of less than 100 cm and more than 180 cm will make the space uncomfortable.

  • To visually facilitate the interior of the U-shaped kitchen, leave one or two walls without wall cabinets.


Pros: The island will make the kitchen of any layout more convenient and functional. Also, the island can conveniently divide the space, say, into the living room and kitchen or into the working and dining area.

Cons: Even a small island is only possible in a large kitchen with an area of ​​18 square meters. m

Ideal for: Spacious kitchens and kitchens combined with a living / dining room.

Photo planning kitchen with a mini-island

Planning Tips:

  • The shape of the island must match the shape of the room.
  • It is important that around the table-island there are passages with a width of at least 1 meter.
  • It is good if the car wash is located opposite the island or even in the island itself.
  • Embedding the hob on the island is easier than washing.


Pros: The peninsula also allows you to make the kitchen more convenient and functional, to divide the space into zones. However, unlike the island, it is more compact (due to one of the ends resting against the wall / furniture).

Cons: Still, "eats" a lot of free space.

Ideal for: Medium and large kitchens, studio kitchens and kitchens combined with a living / dining room.

Layout of a small kitchen with a peninsula

Peninsula with integrated dishwasher

Built-in peninsula with stove

Planning Tips:

  • On one side of the peninsula is convenient to equip the bar. For those who lead a mobile lifestyle, this peninsula stand can replace a full-sized dining table.

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